Cotton textile industry has changed the Ming and qing dynasties - songjiang government social life
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The late southern song dynasty, now in the Shanghai area into the cotton.
Reform of the yuan dynasty, the ecliptic husband's mother textile tools and technologies, cotton textile industry was centered in songjiang fu wu computed. in mud, quickly spread to all around, as an emerging pillar industry.
In the Ming dynasty, songjiang government become the center of the national cotton textile industry, 'out of cloth, day tens', 'silk, cloth, two siad'.
Cotton textile industry contribute to songjiang office within the territory of growing prosperity in cities and towns.
Songjiang year of the most significant change, the city expands continuously spread out side the city river, to the late Ming dynasty, songjiang street has for more than 10, become 'dentition friends, densely occupied' southeast 'metropolitan'.
For guest relations more full, up to now, little linqing 'prosperous town.
Zhujiajiao is 'merchants pulling together, trade cloth, jing province standard guest relations, major in town today.
'At the same time, the town has increased rapidly, with Shanghai county as an example, in the yuan dynasty is only black mud hengjing, Sapporo, wu will be three town, to the Ming and qing dynasties). more specifically, longhua, three and so on more than 40 Lin town, rise successively, almost all of the lai channgzhou.
Rural population influx town, engaged in textile tools related to cotton textile industry production, dyeing, kick, transportation and other industries, light added vigor for urban development.
In order to adapt to the needs of cotton textile industry is developing rapidly, and because of planting profitable, many farmers to switch to cotton, songjiang government dongxiang 'most of the cotton', form the planting pattern of the 'seven rice three cotton'.
'Every home textile, lai this trade, after the class, the endowment young.
'Spinning weaving become the main economic source of many families, the traditional male plow female weave, mode of production has been broken' family, women also helped farming, town city man also xiao needlework '.
Spinning weaving become a common phenomenon in the, man.
, in the Ming dynasty, huating county, 10 supporting son Chen Shouzhen JiaPin, 'mother away, hand from textile, weaving fine clean alone.
'For known businessman, called' Chen Xiaozi cloth '.
Ye reimbursement of busy farming, the women have, Yun car filling rate working with man, so he county labor times, depending on the men and women can stand on its own.
'New way of production not only broke the rural single is given priority to with rice production make a living, also make the women become the main force to support the family economy.
As the cotton textile industry growing in the position in economic activities of women as the main cotton textile industry, their status in the family has improved significantly.
Some landless peasant man of little there is no means of livelihood, 'private man much good idle, no means of livelihood.
Its woman. . . woven Ren, jacklight meteor fire to dawn endlessly, throughout the year ShengZi him weave as 'phenomena.
Women bear and pay for your won quite a family status and social status with men.
Many great things for his wife is both inside and outside, the somebody else minyan 'empress hand for needle', is the annotation of women take charge of financial management.
Women's social status is especially apparent in the marriage customs.
In the feudal society, women's marriage has always been all arranged, the lives of parents, marriage between a man and a woman each other, more can't contact with each other.
Since the qing dynasty, gradually breaking in the recorded in the ancient customs, rural girl marriage had certain options.
After the engagement, men and women can be interactive exchanges, commonly known as 'walk through the foot'.
Such as women feel each other's personal character has a problem, or personality, as long as good, can break off an engagement, this move also has been recognized by society.
The most distinctive marriage customs is 'big lady' in the pudong new area, the local is generally believed that the bride and groom's older than is preferred.
The main reason of the marriage customs or the role of women in the cotton textile industry, the younger son can win a big daughter-in-law that take the door, add a dab at spinning weaving for home as early as possible, of course is a good thing.
And the daughter in the bride's family usually are the major labor textile, all want to let my daughter at home do more a few years, don't want to let her daughter go out early get married, of course.
Textile skilled girl homespun values, the matchmaker was packed.
Thick to marry, 'a woman from the age of seven or eight learning spinning, weaving his preteens in schooling, parents because of her daughter's contribution to the family for many years, to compensate for more lucrative dowry.
And a main sign of the dowry thickness is watching handwoven cloth and the amount of quilt number, quilts and other dowry must use cloth cross attached.
After married, new wife compared with other regions, enjoy good treatment.
The rise of cotton textile industry has changed the peasant consumption habits.
From spinning weaving to sell the cloth on the cloth zhuang, but a few days, production cycle and season without limit, thus changed the peasant generally must reserve a year's production and living materials used.
Relative to the production of food crops, MianFangYe have good income, to increase the consumption level.
Resulting 'home no dou store and clothing will be extremely gorgeous', 'morale float and not solid, folk storage of countless days' phenomenon.
And the emergence of a people spending habits change and market town, business and the size of catering services in town and prosperity, and create a new batch of cultural and entertainment industry.
In the process of the development of cotton textile industry, has produced many involved in cotton cultivation, the habit of cotton production, cotton, cotton trading, industry to help gauge, etc. , many of these customs have been influence to today's social life.